What to do in Lucca in one day, Tuscany’s liveliest walled city

a large square with restaurants at dusk
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As you can see from our other articles of Italy, we have travelled extensively throughout the country. In our last adventure, we did a bike trip from north to the extreme south of the country. One of our best surprise was the city of Lucca in Italy. So it is just fair enough that we share here what to do in Lucca in one day with you all as well.

Even though we have lived in Italy for over a year and travelled around quite a bit, we have never really planned to visit Lucca. It’s not that we were not curious to see it, but just because we have hardly heard about Lucca for the tourist perspective. Let just say that Lucca has never made the top of our priorities in a country full of incredible places.

However, things changed when we were cycling the Via Francigena in Italy and decided to make a stop in Lucca. In fact, this town is one of the main stops on the pilgrim’s route of Via Francigena and, although we were not doing the Via Francigena for religious purposes, a stop in Lucca is fundamental for anybody making the pilgrimage. And we couldn’t have been happier about it.

a sign in a side of the road in Tuscany saying Via Francigena
A sign during at the Pilgrim route | Photo by Monday Feelings

Lucca ended up being one of our favourite destinations in Tuscany. A beautiful, historical and lively place of which has not yet been completely discovered by tourists and still preserves a lot of its originality. If you, like us, don’t have much time to spend there, don’t you worry as it’s completely possible to spend one day in Lucca. In fact, if you are in Florence, this is a perfect day trip to Lucca.

The history of the Lucca’s wall

Lucca’s wall is one of the city’s landmarks. It was built for protection during different periods of history, but the current structure was finalised on the 17th century. Shortly after its completion, though, with the advent of advanced military defensive techniques, the fortification lost its main purpose and was open to the public.

The shift of the wall into an urban park was pivotal in shaping Lucca’s culture as, back at that time, only the very wealthy families had access to the promenades and leisure areas. Making a public space like this, available to everyone, has influenced greatly the lifestyle of the people of Lucca. Up to date, the population use this area for taking a stroll, jogging, gathering and simply enjoy the space.

What to do in Lucca in one day

Cycle or walk on Lucca’s wall

Trees and the sunset
Sunset from Lucca’s wall | Photo by Monday Feelings

After the previous information, we have to start our day in Lucca with the wall! The perimeter of the wall is about 4 kilometres and, for anyone visiting the city, a walk or cycle around is mandatory. From above there, you will have some of the best views of the historic town and its surrounding. The park built on top is also very pretty and relaxing, with many trees.

One cool activity is to go on a tour by bike. You can spend an afternoon exploring the Lucca countryside with a bike rental and an app-led route that runs on your phone, including pedalling to a local winery for an included picnic lunch in this tour.

Duomo di Lucca

A main cathedral of Lucca near a tower in a blue sky
The Duomo of Lucca | Photo by Monday Feelings

Lucca, like most Italian cities, has many – MANY – churches. But if there is one you should not skip is the Duomo di Lucca, a mesmerizing construction dedicated to Saint Martin.

Inside the church, there is the Volto Santo, a relic thought to have come from the Holy Land during the 8th century. And that’s why the city is such an important stop at the Via Francigena.

The upper corner of the entrance of a church with a large cross hang inside the Duomo di Lucca
The entrance of the Duomo di Lucca | Photo by Monday Feelings

The entrance to the Duomo di Lucca costs €3. Further information here.

Piazza dell’Anfiteatro di Lucca

An art work in the middle of the Piazza dell'Anfiteatro square in Lucca
An art work in the middle of Piazza dell’anfiteatro | Photo by Monday Feelings

The Piazza dell’Anfiteatro di Lucca was built on the site of an ancient Roman amphitheatre of the 1st or 2nd century BC. Currently, little remains of the arena – except the elliptical shape. But to be honest, walking around the piazza gave us the shivers up our spine imagining the gladiators, lions and other beasts that once walked there.

Apart from its historical importance, the Piazza dell’Anfiteatro is worth seeing as it hosts charming restaurants, bars, shops as well as – often – artworks displayed. We recommend a stroll at dusk and have an aperitivo after.

The Via Fillungo

The Via Fillungo is Lucca’s main and perhaps the most characteristic street. It crosses practically the entire historical centre and has many medieval constructions as well as buildings which still preserves its historical facades. A walk in the Via Fillungo is incredible!

Visit the Guinigi Tower

a 90 degrees low angle shot of the Guinigi tower and other two buildings in the city center of Lucca
The Guinigui Tower from the ground | Photo by Monday Feelings

The Guinigui Tower is one of the few towers that still remains in Lucca. During the medieval time, there were over a hundred. It is impressive as we could basically see the tower from almost anywhere.

Having a garden with large trees on its upper terrace, which can be seen from various corners of the city, this is certainly one of the most iconic buildings in Lucca.

It has over 40 meters height and the top of the tower offers beautiful views. Just bear in mind there is no elevator and you will have to climb 230 steps.

Torre Guinigi’s ticket price: €6 standard; €4 reduced. Further information here.

Palazzo Pfanner

a view of the Pfanner Palace in Lucca
The garden of Pfanner Palace and the duomo from the Lucca’s wall | Photo by Monday Feelings

The Palazzo Pfanner was initially built by the Moriconi family, who were important merchants of the 17th century.

Shortly afterwards, they were forced to sell their property due to financial problems. Another local family, the Cotroni, who had just won a nobility title and wanted to show off, bought off them and expanded it. However, none of this explains the name of the palace, does it?

The Pfanner family came into the story only in the 19th century, when an Austrian brewer named Felix Pfanner bought the palace. He opened the Pfanner Brewery, the first of its kind in Lucca and one of the first in Italy. The old beer garden and the other facilities of the brewery were closed mid-1900s and currently hosts an exhibition of traditional 18th century costumes from noble families in the interior of the Palazzo Pfanner. But the greatest treasure is on the outside. The wonderful garden has many artworks, including a collection of baroque statues portraying gods of the Roman mythology.

Just note that the Palazzo Pfanner is opened only from April to November. But it can be visited upon request at any time.

Opening hours: 10:00 – 18:00

Pallazzo Pfaner’s ticket price:

  • Garden: €4,50 standard; €4 reduced
  • Palace: €4,50 standard; €4 reduced
  • Garden + Palace: €6.5 standard; €5.5 reduced

Free entrance for children below 12 years. Further information here.

panorama of the walled city of Lucca
Panorama of Lucca | Photo by Monday Feelings

Torre delle Ore

The Torre Delle Ore is a medieval tower and has its old clock still operating. It is the highest tower in Lucca and, from its top, you can enjoy beautiful views of the city, highlighting the Via Fillungio.

Torre delle Ore’s ticket price: €6 standard; €4 reduced. Further information here.

Casa di Puccini

This is a great option for those who like classical music.

That’s the house where Giacomo Puccini, the famous composer behind many popular operas, such as Turandot and La Boheme, was born.

Casa di Puccini’s ticket price: €9 standard; €7 reduced. Further information here.

Piazza Napoleone

This is Lucca’s main square and where is located the Ducale Palace, now a government building.

Find more activities in Lucca here.

Lucca at night

a large square in Lucca with restaurants at dusk
The bars of Lucca at night | Photo by Monday Feelings

One thing that has really got our attention is how lively is Lucca. We did not see only tourists wandering about, but mainly locals having a good time too.

While you walk along some of the city’s charming alleys, you find many restaurants and bars full of people celebrating and enjoying the company each other.

One of our greatest advise is: even if you are just going to Lucca in one day, make sure to spare an hour in the afternoon to have an apperitivo while observing the bohemian vibe of the city around you.

As they say, “when in Lucca, do like the Luccans do”.

Summer in Lucca

A wall of the fort in Lucca and night
Part of the fort of Lucca and the full moon | Photo by Monday Feelings

There are two annual music festivals in Lucca, which seem cool and is definitely worth checking if you are around during summer.

Lucca Summer Festival

This festival has been going on for the past 20 years and has already brought artists such Bob Dylan, Gilberto Gil, Milton Nascimento, Alanis Morisette, Elton John and The Rolling Stones.

The Lucca Summer Festival takes place between July and August inside the walls of the city, in the historical centre. Further information, including this year’s line up can be found in here.

Puccini Festival

Dedicated to the compositor Giacomo Puccini. This is a great tip for classical music lovers. The festival also takes place in July/August and further information can be found in here.

We have not been to any of these, but they looked very interesting and worth mentioning here. If you’ve been to any, we would love to hear your thoughts!

How to get to Lucca

a tram crossing the city carrying people with a tower in the end of the road
Photo by Monday Feelings

Lucca by train

Lucca has a train station located just next to the historic centre and the city can easily be accessed by virtually all of Tuscany’s major cities. It’s a great option for a day trip from Florence, Pisa or Siena, for example. Visit the Trenitalia website to see prices and the timetable of the trains.

Flights to Lucca

The nearest international airport from Lucca is in Pisa, which is 30 km away and can be accessed by train.

Bus to Lucca

It is possible to visit Lucca by bus from many Italian cities. There is even one that goes from Siena Airport to Lucca’s city centre.

Cycle or walking in Lucca

Tiago and Fernanda with their bikes in a square in Lucca Italy
When we arrived in Lucca by bike | Photo by Monday Feelings

As we mentioned above, Lucca is part of the pilgrimage route of the Via Francigena, which makes possible to visit the city by bike or foot. We went there cycling and were surprised to see the region has very good infrastructure for this type of transportation, as well as being a very scenery route.


Visiting Lucca by car is probably the best option because it gives you some flexibility to visit other cities in the region, such as Siena, San Gimignano, Colle di Val d’Elsa, Monteriggione, Bagni di San Fillipo and many others. Check the best prices to rent a car with Discover Cars.

Just a quick reminder: Most Italian cities do not allow unauthorized cars to circulate in the historical centre. So, keep in mind that you will park outside historical city centers, therefore adding the costs of parking and walking distances.

Where to stay in Lucca

Fernanda using her laptop in her tent
We camped outside Lucca as we were cycling through Italy | Photo by Monday Feelings

In the case you are not doing a day trip to Lucca – after all, there are quite a few things to see in Lucca in one day only, find the best hotels in Lucca here. But some good options are:

$$$ Casa del Campanaro – an amazing accommodation in Lucca inside the wall, just near the Guinigi Tower
$$ Vila San Donato B&B – a great cost per benefit
$ B&B Alma – great B&B for low budget

* Article originally written in August 2018 and updated on January 2024